In November of 2009 Microsoft added to the development with the introduction of the Windows Azure Beta. The product is a cloud based OS that allows developers to write programs that run on servers in Microsoft’s data centers. Following suit of the AWS model, Azure is a major development as it marks a small but evident shift of the largest software company into the cloud computing industry.
In April 2008, Google added to the development of cloud computing with the launch of the Google App Engine. Although the App Engine closely resembles that of Amazons S3 platform, this development marked the entry of the first pure play tech company into cloud computing. Additionally Google’s entrance made evident the spread of cloud computing; by increasing competition, Google engineered its own pricing strategy that is still among the lowest in the marketplace.
Amazon once again in August of 2006 added another key development with the launch of EC2. According to Amazon, EC2 is “a web service that provides resizable compute capacity in the cloud. It is designed to make web-scale computing easier for developers.” Which sounds very similar to the slue of cloud hosting provided by the likes of Hostmonster, Hostgator, Bluehostect. Yet, what separated EC2 was that it was and is transaction based with charges based on use of storage, time and bandwidth.
In March of 2006 Amazon launched S3(Simple Storage Service) building off the initial launch of AWS creating a true cloud platform. S3 was a storage service for backend developers that offered “a highly scalable, reliable, and low-latency data storage infrastructure at very low costs”. However the true breakthrough was the pricing model of pay-per-use, which is now a standard in cloud pricing policies.
Following suit, another key development was the launch of Amazon web services (AWS) in 2002. Initially an internal platform designed to make information more accessible to Amazon partners through a web services model with development support. This advancement allowed the inclusion of Amazon storefront in partnered website owners domains integrating a shared web platform.
The first key development for cloud computing was the arrival of salesforce.com in 1999. What Salesforce developed was the ability to deliver enterprise applications via a web domain; this pioneered the idea/ability for future firms to deliver applications over the Internet. Paving the way for popular sites like Dropbox.com, Google Docs ect. (Applications described below)